GEOL-1040 – Lecture

Geology 1040-Physical Geology lecture


  1. Course outline


  1. Branches of Geology
  2. Processes of Change
  3. Rock Families(or Mode of Origin)
  4. Uniformitarianism
  5. Physiographic Map of Tennessee
  6. Geologic Map of Tennessee
  7. Geoscience in Tennessee
  8. Tennessee State Symbols
  9. Periodic Table


  1. Definitions
  2. Reasons for Studying Minerals
  3. ‘In One Day’
  4. Mineral Baby 2020
  5. 2012-2013 Mineral yearbook TN
  6. What is Made of ??
  7. Common Rock Forming Minerals
  8. Physical Properties
  9. Physical Properties of Minerals
  10. Polymorphs-isomorphs
  11. Classification of Minerals based upon Composition
  12. Informational Quiz
  13. Abundances of Chemical Elements in Earth’s Crust
  14. Abundances of Minerals in Earth’s Crust
  15. SiliMineral Baby 2020cate classification

Igneous Rocks

  1. The Rock Cycle
  2. Criteria used to classify igneous rocks
  3. Why we get different igneous rocks when a magma-lava crystallizes because
  4. Compositions of magma-lava
  5. Batholiths
  6. Bowen’s Reaction Series
  7. Questions to answer about igneous textures
  8. Possible Igneous Rock Textures
  9. Porphyritic vs. porphyry
  10. Phenocrysts vs. fragments
  11. Igneous Rock Classification Chart

Sedimentary Rocks

  1. The Rock Cycle
  2. Criteria used to classify sedimentary rocks
  3. Steps in the Formation of Sedimentary Rocks
  4. Weathering
    1. Weathering
    2. Mechanical weathering
    3. Chemical weathering-rate
    4. Types of chemical weathering
  5. Transportation
    1. Transportation
    2. Mode of transporation
    3. Agents of transportation
    4. Maturity
  6. Wentworth’s Particle Size Scale
  7. Sedimentary Rock Classification Chart
  8. Features found in sedimentary rocks
  9. Law of Superposition

Metamorphic Rocks

  1. The Rock Cycle
  2. Criteria used to classify metamorphic rocks
  3. Objectives in Studying Metamorphic Rocks
  4. Agents of Metamorphism
  5. Type of Metamorphism
  6. Grade of Metamorphism
  7. Changes Occurring during Metamorphism
  8. Metamorphic Rock Classification Chart
  9. Source rocks (protolith) vs. grade of metamorphism

Geologic Resources

  1. Classification of Resources based on Mode of Origin
  2. Classification of Resources based on Type
  3. Exploration
  4. Exploitation

 Earthquakes (death, destruction, and terrible movies)

  1. Definitions
  2. Know these two definitions
  3. Three rules of three
  4. Measuring earthquakes
    1. Mercalli scale
    2. Richter scale
  5. Effects of earthquakes
  6. Earthquake–Lisbon, Portugal, 1755
  7. Earthquake–New Madrid, Missouri, 1811-1812
  8. Earthquake resources
  9. The one benefit of earthquakes–Interior of the Earth

 Folds, faults, and unconformities

  1. Definitions
  2. Changes, behavior, and stress
  3. Strike-dip definitions
  4. The block diagram
  5. Folds
  6. Joint vs. fault
  7. Classification-of-faults-based-upon-relative-movement-of-the-sides
  8. Unconformities
  9. Strike-dip and exercises
  10. Block diagram problems

Geologic Time

  1. Types of geologic time
  2. Geologic time chart

Hydrologic Cycle (Water)
      1.  Global Water Distribution

      2.  Streams and Rivers
            A.  Definitions

            B.  Stream cycle and topographic evolution

            C.  Stream system patterns

       3.  Ground Water
             B.  The origin of groundwater
             C.  Porosity, permeability, aquifer, aquiclude
             D.  Water Table system
             E.   Springs
             F.   Artesian system
             G.  Karst erosion cycle

        4.  Oceans
              A. The Composition of Sea Water

 Arid Regions (Wind)
The Composition of the Atmosphere
        2.  Definitions

        3.  Arid region topographic cycle on block-faulted terrain
        4.  Sand dunes
        5.   Sand dune variables

 Glaciers (Ice)

        1.  Definitions
        2.  Longitudinal profile of an Alpine glacier
        3.  Topographic modifications by Alpine glaciation
        4.   Continental glaciation
        5.  Attributes of Valley and Continental Glaciers

Mass movements (Gravity)

Continental drift and plate tectonics

      1.   Have you heard about this ridiculous hypothesis
      2Evidence from ocean basins (other than shape)
             A. Age of sediments
             B. Mid-oceanic Ridges (MORs)
      3.  Evidence from the continents (other than shape)
              A. Tectonic patterns              
              B.  Stratigraphic sequences
              C.  Paleoclimatic data
              D. Paleontologic data
              E.  Paleomagnetic data
                    (1).  How a compass determines latitude
                    (2).  Paleomagnetic maps of North America

     4.  Summary of the theory of continentaln drift

Additional Resources in Earth Sciences with special section for those in the field of Education